The 2nd Exodus: Covenant Curses

During the 40 years that the Great Commission was spreading across the nations of the Roman Empire, the Mosaic Covenant was decaying. The pre-70 AD Jews had been given 40 years to accept the Gospel of the Kingdom and migrate to the New Covenant from the Mosaic Covenant. That same Mosaic Covenant had already been abolished at The Cross and had lost all its authority. The outer shell was all that remained, but even that was in the process of passing away. 

However, that Mosaic covenant couldn’t vanish until every tiny jot and tittle of the law was fulfilled. Once the gospel of the Kingdom was preached in the whole world all that was left to be fulfilled were the blessings and rewards for the believers and the curses on the unbelievers from that Mosaic Covenant age.


  • Was the gospel preached in all the world before 70AD?

This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come. ~ Matthew 24:14

‘In the whole world’ is a term used in the New Testament and it refers to the then-known world of the apostles time. The gospel had to be preached to all the tribes of Israel wherever they lived in the nations of the Roman Empire during that final generation before the end would come. The end would bring judgment.

All of the following scriptures were written before 70AD so let’s just let scripture speak for itself as Paul clearly understood that the Great Commission had been achieved.

the gospel that you have heard, which was proclaimed in all creation under heaven, and of which I, Paul, was made a minister. ~ Colossians 1:23

which has come to you, just as in all the world also it is constantly bearing fruit and increasing, even as it has been doing in you also since the day you heard of it and understood the grace of God in truth ~ Colossians 1:6

When they did not find them, they began dragging Jason and some brethren before the city authorities, shouting, “These men who have upset the world have come here also” ~ Acts 17:6

your faith is being proclaimed throughout the whole world. ~ Romans 1:8

Now there were Jews living in Jerusalem, devout men from every nation under heaven. ~ Acts 2:5

However, they did not all heed the good news; for Isaiah says, “Lord, who has believed our report?” So faith comes from hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ. But I say, surely they have never heard, have they? Indeed they have; “Their voice has gone out into all the earth, And their words to the ends of the world.” ~ Romans 10: 16-18 written around 57AD.

For we have found this man a real pest and a fellow who stirs up dissension among all the Jews throughout the world, and a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes. ~ Acts 24:5

 


The Rewards and Curses

Yahweh established the Mosaic Covenant with His people Israel at Sinai and He promised them blessings for obedience and curses for disobedience. The blessings and curses at that time were set out in Leviticus 26 [1].

However, there was a reestablishing of the covenant with the children who were about to enter the Promised Land almost 40 years later. Only Moses, Joshua, and Caleb were alive from that previous generation and the only ones to have witnessed the great miracles in the exodus from Egypt. This reestablishing of the covenant is written in Deuteronomy and within that book, the blessings and curses from Leviticus 26 are given in much greater detail.

So before the decaying old Mosaic Covenant could completely vanish, Yahweh had to fulfill all the promises He had set out in that covenant i.e the rewards and curses.

Please note that Jesus’ sacrifice was sufficient and in full effect from around 30AD onwards and that the temple sacrifices were no longer effective. However, the judgment on those who disobeyed the Mosaic covenant was still to be fulfilled along with the rewards for believers. Therefore it was the issuing of those rewards and the pouring out of Yahweh’s wrath (the vengeance of the covenant) that brought about the permanent end/disappearance of the Mosaic Covenant.

Moses was a Prophet and he warned Israel that if they disobeyed the Mosaic covenant the curses would fall on them in the last days.

For I know that after my death you will become utterly corrupt, and turn aside from the way which I have commanded you. And evil will befall you in the latter days, because you will do evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke Him to anger through the work of your hands.” ~ Deuteronomy 31:29


 

The 2nd Exodus: Covenant Curses

Yahweh gave the children of Israel the covenant blessings and curses first of all in Leviticus 26 and can be seen to share 4 sets of seven judgments that we also find in the book of Revelation. [1]

  1. The 7 Seals
  2. The 7 Trumpets
  3. The 7 Thunders
  4. The 7 Bowls

Events in Deuteronomy happened at a much later date and the curses from Leviticus were repeated but now Moses detailed the penalties in greater detail.

In Deuteronomy

Jesus also told His disciples what to look out for in the last days of the Mosaic Covenant in the Olivet Discourse. None of what He said was new to his audience as they would have recognised His words to be the same language used by the Old Testament Prophets.


Jerusalem and the Temple to be destroyed

And as some spake of the temple, how it was adorned with goodly stones and gifts, he said, As for these things which ye behold, the days will come, in the which there shall not be left one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down. ~ Luke 21: 5-6

 

The Old Covenant Curse

“They shall besiege you in all your towns, until your high and fortified walls, in which you trusted, come down throughout all your land. And they shall besiege you in all your towns throughout all your land, which the Lord your God has given you.~ Deut 28:52


 

Nation rising against nation

Then said he unto them, Nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom ~ Luke 21:10

 

The Old Covenant Curse

The Lord will bring a nation against you from far away, from the end of the earth, swooping down like the eagle, a nation whose language you do not understand, a hard-faced nation who shall not respect the old or show mercy to the young. ~ Deut 28: 49-50


 

Pestilence

…and pestilences; and fearful sights and great signs shall there be from heaven. ~ Luke 21: 11

 

The Old Covenant Curse

“The Lord will send on you curses, confusion, and frustration in all that you undertake to do, until you are destroyed and perish quickly on account of the evil of your deeds, because you have forsaken me. The Lord will make the pestilence stick to you until he has consumed you off the land that you are entering to take possession of it. The Lord will strike you with wasting disease and with fever, inflammation and fiery heat, and with drought and with blight and with mildew. They shall pursue you until you perish. ~ Deut 28: 20-22

The Lord will strike you with the boils of Egypt, and with tumors and scabs and itch, of which you cannot be healed.  The Lord will strike you with madness and blindness and confusion of mind, ~ Deut 28: 27-28

The Lord will strike you on the knees and on the legs with grievous boils of which you cannot be healed, from the sole of your foot to the crown of your head. ~ Deut 28:35

“If you are not careful to do all the words of this law that are written in this book, that you may fear this glorious and awesome name, the Lord your God, then the Lord will bring on you and your offspring extraordinary afflictions, afflictions severe and lasting, and sicknesses grievous and lasting. And he will bring upon you again all the diseases of Egypt, of which you were afraid, and they shall cling to you. Every sickness also and every affliction that is not recorded in the book of this law, the Lord will bring upon you, until you are destroyed. ~ Deut 28:58-61


Food Shortage/Famines

…and famines…~ Luke 21:11

 

The Old Covenant Curse

The Lord will bring a nation against you from far away, from the end of the earth, swooping down like the eagle, a nation whose language you do not understand,  a hard-faced nation who shall not respect the old or show mercy to the young. It shall eat the offspring of your cattle and the fruit of your ground, until you are destroyed; it also shall not leave you grain, wine, or oil, the increase of your herds or the young of your flock, until they have caused you to perish. ~ Deut 28: 49-51

 

“They shall besiege you in all your towns, until your high and fortified walls, in which you trusted, come down throughout all your land. And they shall besiege you in all your towns throughout all your land, which the Lord your God has given you. And you shall eat the fruit of your womb, the flesh of your sons and daughters, whom the Lord your God has given you, in the siege and in the distress with which your enemies shall distress you. The man who is the most tender and refined among you will begrudge food to his brother, to the wife he embraces, and to the last of the children whom he has left, so that he will not give to any of them any of the flesh of his children whom he is eating, because he has nothing else left, in the siege and in the distress with which your enemy shall distress you in all your towns. The most tender and refined woman among you, who would not venture to set the sole of her foot on the ground because she is so delicate and tender, will begrudge to the husband she embraces, to her son and to her daughter,  her afterbirth that comes out from between her feet and her children whom she bears, because lacking everything she will eat them secretly, in the siege and in the distress with which your enemy shall distress you in your towns. ~ Deut 28: 52-57


Jerusalem surrounded by armies

And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh. ~ Luke 21:20

 

The Old Covenant Curse

“They shall besiege you in all your towns, until your high and fortified walls, in which you trusted, come down throughout all your land. And they shall besiege you in all your towns throughout all your land, which the Lord your God has given you. ~ Deut 28:52


Woe to Pregnant Woman in those days

But woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck, in those days! for there shall be great distress in the land, and wrath upon this people.~ Luke 21:23

 

The Old Covenant Curse

…her afterbirth that comes out from between her feet and her children whom she bears, because lacking everything she will eat them secretly, in the siege and in the distress with which your enemy shall distress you in your towns.

…then the Lord will bring on you and your offspring extraordinary afflictions, afflictions severe and lasting, and sicknesses grievous and lasting. ~ Deut 28: 57;59


Israel told to flee

Then let them which are in Judaea flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart out; and let not them that are in the countries enter thereinto. ~ Luke 21:2

 

The Old Covenant Curse

On those that didn’t flee Judea

“The Lord will cause you to be defeated before your enemies. You shall go out one way against them and flee seven ways before them. And you shall be a horror to all the kingdoms of the earth. ~ Deut 28:25


Desolation of Jerusalem

And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh…  and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled. ~ Luke 21: 20;24

 

The Old Covenant Curse

 

“All these curses shall come upon you and pursue you and overtake you till you are destroyed, because you did not obey the voice of the Lord your God, to keep his commandments and his statutes that he commanded you. They shall be a sign and a wonder against you and your offspring forever. Because you did not serve the Lord your God with joyfulness and gladness of heart, because of the abundance of all things, therefore you shall serve your enemies whom the Lord will send against you, in hunger and thirst, in nakedness, and lacking everything. And he will put a yoke of iron on your neck until he has destroyed you. ~ Deut 28:45-48


 

Fall by the edge of the sword

And they shall fall by the edge of the sword… ~ Luke 21:24

 

The Old Covenant Curse

And the heavens over your head shall be bronze, and the earth under you shall be iron. The Lord will make the rain of your land powder. From heaven, dust shall come down on you until you are destroyed.

“The Lord will cause you to be defeated before your enemies. You shall go out one way against them and flee seven ways before them. And you shall be a horror to all the kingdoms of the earth. And your dead body shall be food for all birds of the air and for the beasts of the earth, and there shall be no one to frighten them away.  ~  Deut 28: 23-26


Led captive into the nations

…and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled. ~ Luke 21:24

 

The Old Covenant Curse

Your sons and your daughters shall be given to another people, while your eyes look on and fail with longing for them all day long, but you shall be helpless. ~ Deut 28:32

You shall father sons and daughters, but they shall not be yours, for they shall go into captivity. ~ Deut 28:41

“And the Lord will scatter you among all peoples, from one end of the earth to the other, and there you shall serve other gods of wood and stone, which neither you nor your fathers have known. And among these nations, you shall find no respite, and there shall be no resting place for the sole of your foot, but the Lord will give you there a trembling heart and failing eyes and a languishing soul.  Your life shall hang in doubt before you. Night and day you shall be in dread and have no assurance of your life.  In the morning you shall say, ‘If only it were evening!’ and at evening you shall say, ‘If only it were morning!’ because of the dread that your heart shall feel, and the sights that your eyes shall see.

And the Lord will bring you back in ships to Egypt, a journey that I promised that you should never make again; and there you shall offer yourselves for sale to your enemies as male and female slaves, but there will be no buyer.” Deut 28: 64-68

 “The Lord will bring you and your king whom you set over you to a nation that neither you nor your fathers have known. And there you shall serve other gods of wood and stone. And you shall become a horror, a proverb, and a byword among all the peoples where the Lord will lead you away. ~ Deut 28:36-37

 

In my series on Herod, I detailed the accounts from Josephus of just how those curses actually inflicted the people: The End of The Herod Dynasty, Daniel’s People, The Temple, City And Nation.


Yahweh’s Wrath

In conclusion, let’s do a recap as this is such an important topic to grasp. The Mosaic Covenant had lost all of its authority at The Cross. It was just an outer shell and had no life in it during that final 40-year generation. It was just like a dead flower stem that remains in the garden over the winter, growing older through time i.e decaying.

However, the Mosaic covenant couldn’t vanish away until every tiny jot and tittle was fulfilled. All that was left to be fulfilled was Yahweh’s wrath poured out on the Jewish unbelievers through the destruction of the temple and city in 70AD and the rewards given to the faithful righteous, the resurrection from Hades.

“At that time shall arise Michael, the great prince who has charge of your people. And there shall be a time of trouble, such as never has been since there was a nation till that time. But at that time your people shall be delivered, everyone whose name shall be found written in the book.  And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.

But go your way till the end. And you shall rest and shall stand in your allotted place at the end of the days.”
~ Daniel 12: 1-2, 13


Then The End Will Come

The Mosaic covenant curses listed in Leviticus and Deuteronomy were played out in the book of Revelation during 66-70ad ‘days of vengeance’. The wicked, perverted, lawless generation from the Kingdom of Judah fell under those curses.

As a result of their lawlessness, Yahweh came in judgment and destroyed the wicked nation of Judah. He used the Roman Empire as His tool of judgment to avenge the blood of the martyrs and the ‘passing away’ was completed with the destruction of the temple in 70AD.

 Behold, a day is coming for the Lord, when the spoil taken from you will be divided in your midst. For I will gather all the nations against Jerusalem to battle, and the city shall be taken and the houses plundered and the women raped. Half of the city shall go out into exile, but the rest of the people shall not be cut off from the city. ~ Zechariah 14: 1-2

 

The mercenary army consisting of all the nations of the Roman Empire under the leadership of Titus lay the final siege to Jerusalem which led to her final destruction. This brought about the end of the Old Mosaic Covenant age.

Moses also foretold what would happen to those who disobeyed the Covenant in The Song of Moses and we’ll cover that on our next blog post.

 


Footnotes:

[1] The Covenant Blessings and Curses in Leviticus

As you read through these blessings and curses think of events in Revelation.

You shall not make idols for yourselves or erect an image or pillar, and you shall not set up a figured stone in your land to bow down to it, for I am the Lord your God. 2 You shall keep my Sabbaths and reverence my sanctuary: I am the Lord.

3 “If you walk in my statutes and observe my commandments and do them, 4 then I will give you your rains in their season, and the land shall yield its increase, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit. 5 Your threshing shall last to the time of the grape harvest, and the grape harvest shall last to the time for sowing. And you shall eat your bread to the full and dwell in your land securely.

6 I will give peace in the land, and you shall lie down, and none shall make you afraid.
And I will remove harmful beasts from the land, and the sword shall not go through your land.

7 You shall chase your enemies, and they shall fall before you by the sword. 8 Five of you shall chase a hundred, and a hundred of you shall chase ten thousand, and your enemies shall fall before you by the sword.

9 I will turn to you and make you fruitful and multiply you and will confirm my covenant with you. 10 You shall eat old store long kept, and you shall clear out the old to make way for the new.

11 I will make my dwelling among you, and my soul shall not abhor you. 12 And I will walk among you and will be your God, and you shall be my people. 13 I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, that you should not be their slaves. And I have broken the bars of your yoke and made you walk erect.

14 “But if you will not listen to me and will not do all these commandments, 15 if you spurn my statutes, and if your soul abhors my rules, so that you will not do all my commandments, but break my covenant, then I will do this to you:

I will visit you with panic, with wasting disease and fever that consume the eyes and make the heartache. And you shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it. 17 I will set my face against you, and you shall be struck down before your enemies. Those who hate you shall rule over you, and you shall flee when none pursues you.

18 And if in spite of this you will not listen to me, then I will discipline you again sevenfold for your sins, 19 and I will break the pride of your power, and I will make your heavens like iron and your earth like bronze. 20 And your strength shall be spent in vain, for your land shall not yield its increase, and the trees of the land shall not yield their fruit.

21 “Then if you walk contrary to me and will not listen to me, I will continue striking you, sevenfold for your sins. 22 And I will let loose the wild beasts against you, which shall bereave you of your children and destroy your livestock and make you few in number so that your roads shall be deserted.

23 “And if by this discipline you are not turned to me but walk contrary to me, 24 then I also will walk contrary to you, and I myself will strike you sevenfold for your sins. 25 And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall execute vengeance for the covenant. And if you gather within your cities, I will send pestilence among you, and you shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy.

26 When I break your supply of bread, ten women shall bake your bread in a single oven and shall dole out your bread again by weight, and you shall eat and not be satisfied.

27 “But if in spite of this you will not listen to me, but walk contrary to me, 28 then I will walk contrary to you in fury, and I myself will discipline you sevenfold for your sins. 29 You shall eat the flesh of your sons, and you shall eat the flesh of your daughters. 30 And I will destroy your high places and cut down your incense altars and cast your dead bodies upon the dead bodies of your idols, and my soul will abhor you.

31 And I will lay your cities waste and will make your sanctuaries desolate, and I will not smell your pleasing aromas. 32 And I myself will devastate the land so that your enemies who settle in it shall be appalled at it. 33 And I will scatter you among the nations, and I will unsheathe the sword after you, and your land shall be a desolation, and your cities shall be a waste.

34 “Then the land shall enjoy its Sabbaths as long as it lies desolate, while you are in your enemies’ land; then the land shall rest, and enjoy its Sabbaths. 35 As long as it lies desolate it shall have rest, the rest that it did not have on your Sabbaths when you were dwelling in it. 36 And as for those of you who are left, I will send a faintness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies. The sound of a driven leaf shall put them to flight, and they shall flee as one flees from the sword, and they shall fall when none pursues. 37 They shall stumble over one another as if to escape a sword, though none pursues. And you shall have no power to stand before your enemies. 38 And you shall perish among the nations, and the land of your enemies shall eat you up. 39 And those of you who are left shall rot away in your enemies’ lands because of their iniquity, and also because of the iniquities of their fathers they shall rot away like them.

40 “But if they confess their iniquity and the iniquity of their fathers in their treachery that they committed against me, and also in walking contrary to me, 41 so that I walked contrary to them and brought them into the land of their enemies—if then their uncircumcised heart is humbled and they make amends for their iniquity, 42 then I will remember my covenant with Jacob, and I will remember my covenant with Isaac and my covenant with Abraham, and I will remember the land. 43 But the land shall be abandoned by them and enjoy its Sabbaths while it lies desolate without them, and they shall make amends for their iniquity because they spurned my rules and their soul abhorred my statutes.

44 Yet for all that, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not spurn them, neither will I abhor them so as to destroy them utterly and break my covenant with them, for I am the Lord their God. 45 But I will for their sake remember the covenant with their forefathers, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the nations, that I might be their God: I am the Lord.”

46 These are the statutes and rules and laws that the Lord made between himself and the people of Israel through Moses on Mount Sinai.

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