Firstly before we find out who Shiloh was in the last days, we need to find out about Shiloh in the beginning.
Shiloh was a very important biblical location
To begin with the tabernacle in the wilderness was mobile so that as the people travelled during their 40-year exodus Yahweh could dwell with His people.
Shiloh was the first place that the tabernacle rested once the people started to conquer the Promised Land of Israel. Yahweh tabernacled with His people from this location in the territory of the tribe of Ephraim for 350 years.
But there is also a prophecy concerning a person known as Shiloh in the Masoretic translation of the Old Testament. (The word ‘Shiloh’ does not appear in the Septuagint regarding this prophecy, the word ‘ruler’ is used instead.) Bible translators have had difficulty discovering the meaning of the word ‘Shiloh’ and Strongs suggests that it could mean a Messianic title: ‘perhaps he whose it is’.
To find out the identity of Shiloh we need to go back to Genesis:
The Song of Moses was a prophecy about the last days and it was given to the 12 tribes of Israel on the day that Moses died.
“For I know that after my death you will act corruptly and turn from the way which I have commanded you; and evil will befall you in the latter days.” ~ Deuteronomy 31
But there was also an earlier prophecy concerning the last days given to the 12 sons of Jacob, the fathers of the 12 tribes on the day that Jacob died too.
“And Jacob called unto his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the last days…The sceptre will not depart from Judah, nor the staff from between his feet, UNTIL Shiloh comes and the allegiance of the nations is his.” ~ Genesis 49: 1, 2 & 10
When I compare the Masoretic Text above with the LXX, I much prefer the LXX reading of the text:
“And Jacob called his sons, and said to them, Assemble yourselves, that I may tell you what shall happen to you in the last days…A ruler shall not fail from Juda, nor a prince from his loins, until there come the things stored up for him; and he is the expectation of nations.” ~ Genesis 49:1-2, 10 LXX
Jacob prophesied that Judah would produce all the Kings/rulers of Israel until Shiloh arrived.
Jesus’ birth was prophesied in Micah
The prophet Micah directed most of his prophecies to the Southern Kingdom, Judah, and prophesied about what would take place in the last days. These are two of those prophecies …
“And it will come about in the last days, that the mountain of the house of the LORD will be established as the chief of the mountains. It will be raised above the hills, And the peoples will stream to it.” ~ Micah 4:1
“But you, O Bethlehem Ephrathah, who are too little to be among the clans of Judah, from you shall come forth for me one who is to be ruler in Israel, whose coming forth is from of old, from ANCIENT DAYS”~ Micah 5:2
The chief priests of Israel knew exactly where their Messiah would be born as they quoted Micah’s prophecy to King Herod.
“In Bethlehem in Judea,” they replied, “for this is what the prophet has written: “ ‘But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for out of you will come a ruler who will shepherd my people Israel.’ ” ~ Matthew 2:5
Jesus was from the tribe of Judah and He was Shiloh, the promised seed of Genesis 3:15, Genesis 49: 1 & 10, and the ruler prophesied in Micah.
Therefore the scepter would only remain with Judah UNTIL Shiloh/Jesus came and then the people would shift their ‘obedience’ directly to Jesus.
- How would Shiloh take over the rulership that Judah once held?
One From Jacob Shall Exercise Authority
Jesus announced to His disciples in Matthew 28:18 that “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth…”
- When did Jesus receive that authority?
As soon as Jesus rose from the grave He became the first fruit wave offering in the Heavenly temple. Daniel 7 shows the Son of Man GOING to present Himself, to the Ancient of Days. Once He is presented to the Ancient of Days He is given his dominion and the KINGDOM.
“I saw in the night visions, and behold, with the clouds of heaven there came one like a son of man, and he came to the ANCIENT OF DAYS and was presented before him. And to him was given dominion and glory and kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages should serve him; his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom one that shall not be destroyed.” ~ Daniel 7:13-14
This is exactly what Micah had prophesied too (see Micah 5:2 above) as He proclaimed that a ruler of Israel would come forth from Ancient Days.
The Priesthood Changed From Earthly To Heavenly
A Change In Administration
Jesus was Shiloh. However, Jesus is also the High Priest while He reigns but here’s the problem. He could not be High Priest and King of Israel at the same time as the Law of Moses didn’t allow it.
The Law stated that kings could only come from the tribe of Judah (Genesis 49:10) and that priests could only come from the tribe of Levi.
Therefore, the Law had to be changed. The apostle Paul explained this in the Book of Hebrews to his Jewish listeners.
“For when there is a change in the priesthood, there is necessarily a change in the law as well. For the one of whom these things are spoken belonged to another tribe, from which no one has ever served at the altar. For it is evident that our Lord was descended from Judah, and in connection with that tribe Moses said nothing about priests.” ~ Hebrews 7:12-14
Paul also referred to Jesus as being the scepter when he quoted Psalm 45 in Hebrews.
“Your throne, O God, is forever and ever. The scepter of your kingdom is a scepter of uprightness;” ~ Psalm 45:6
“But of the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom. You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness beyond your companions.” ~ Hebrews 1:8-9
So with the coming of Jesus/Shiloh/the ruler there would also be the coming of a new covenant law that would enable Jesus to be both a Priest and King. This is why Jesus is a High Priest after the order of Melchizedek so that He can be High Priest and reign as King at the same time.
So when Shiloh came, the scepter /authority departed from Judah. The scepter was given to its rightful heir Jesus and He would have dominion forever.
“The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him.” ~ Romans 8: 16-17
As promised in the scriptures, believers would also become co-heirs with Him i.e a royal priesthood.
But we also have another prophecy in the bible that relates directly to Jacob’s last day’s prophecy. This time from a very unlikely character and we need to go to the book of Numbers and to the time of Balaam. The whole prophecy is in Numbers 24, but I’ll just pick out certain verses that tie in with Genesis 49.
Balaam was certainly not the type of person you’d expect to give a prophetic utterance from Yahweh! Nevertheless, Balaam gave his prophecy under the divine inspiration of the Holy Spirit to the Moabite King, Balek.
“Come, I will let you know what this people [Israel] will do to your people in the latter days.”
He prophesied about the coming of a King, ‘a star’ from Jacob, who would have the authority (scepter) to rule over the nations, which is just what Jacob said in Genesis 49 above.
“I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near: a star shall come out of Jacob,
and a scepter shall rise out of Israel…” ~ Numbers 24:17
It wasn’t now or near in Balaam’s time as Jesus wouldn’t be born in Israel for another 1300 years or so. Furthermore, both prophecies from Jacob and Balaam stated that this event would happen during the last days.
Balaam then continues with his prophecy…
“And one from Jacob shall exercise dominion and destroy the survivors of cities!” ~ Numbers 24:19
Balaam prophesied that the one who held the scepter would exercise dominion.
We see that fulfilled in Revelation, as Jesus “was to rule all the nations with a rod of iron”, i.e the scepter. Jesus is The Ruler of the Kings of Kings.
In the next post, I will conclude with how All Israel would be saved.