Earlier in the 2nd Exodus series, I wrote about the Covenant Curses that would fall on those who consistently disobeyed Yahweh and hardened their hearts against Him. But there were many Jews who chose life in the New Covenant and would receive rewards and blessings for making that choice. We also see those rewards and blessings promised to the 7 churches in Revelation as they would be part of all Israel who would be saved.
“And in this way all Israel will be saved, as it is written, “The Deliverer will come from Zion, he will banish ungodliness from Jacob”; ” ~ Romans 11:26
Throughout the scriptures, it was said that one day all Israel would be saved and in this post, I will detail how Yahweh planned for this to happen.
Israel became a nation at Sinai when Yahweh gave them His law and entered into the Mosaic Covenant with them.
“When I passed by you again and saw you, behold, you were at the age for love, and I spread the corner of my garment over you and covered your nakedness; I made my vow to you and entered into a covenant with you, declares the Lord God, and you became mine.” ~ Ezekiel 16:8
The covenant between Israel and Yahweh had terms and conditions. The 12 tribes agreed to these conditions and the covenant was established.
“Moses came and told the people all the words of the Lord and all the rules. And all the people answered with one voice and said, “All the words that the Lord has spoken we will do.”” ~ Exodus 24:8
“And Moses took the blood and threw it on the people and said, “Behold the blood of the covenant that the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words.” “~ Exodus 24:8
“And now, Israel, what does the Lord your God require of you, but to fear the Lord your God, to walk in all his ways, to love him, to serve the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul, and to keep the commandments and statutes of the Lord, which I am commanding you today for your good?” ~ Deuteronomy 10:12 – 13
However, Israel did not keep to the terms and conditions of the covenant during those 40 years in the wilderness and rebelled. As a result, only those 20 years and younger along with Joshua and Caleb would be allowed to enter the Promised Land.
But even in the Promised Land they still broke the covenant conditions.
“And the people of Israel did what was evil in the sight of the Lord and served the Baals. And they abandoned the Lord, the God of their fathers, who had brought them out of the land of Egypt. They went after other gods, from among the gods of the peoples who were around them, and bowed down to them. And they provoked the Lord to anger. They abandoned the Lord and served the Baals and the Ashtaroth. So the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he gave them over to plunderers, who plundered them. And he sold them into the hand of their surrounding enemies so that they could no longer withstand their enemies. “~ Judges 2:11-14
Israel Split Into Two Kingdoms
They remained a unified nation until after the death of Solomon, but as a result of worshipping the gods (lesser elohim) of the neigbouring nations, Yahweh declared that Israel would be split into two kingdoms.
“because they have forsaken me and worshiped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, Chemosh the god of Moab, and Milcom the god of the Ammonite.” 1 Kings 11:33
These two Kingdoms were symbolically looked on as being the ‘two daughters of the one mother, the whole unified nation of Israel’.
Ezekiel wrote that ‘The Mother’ was the 12 tribe nation of Israel, while ‘the two daughters’ were the Southern Kingdom, Oholibah, and the Northern Kingdom, Oholah. Each Kingdom had different kings and many times in the Old Testament they were very hostile to each other.
- The Southern Kingdom was known as The House of Judah with Jerusalem as its capital. It comprised of the tribe of Judah and Benjamin.
- While the Northern Kingdom – The House of Israel had Samaria as its capital and it comprised of the other 10 tribes.
- The tribe of Levi was a priestly tribe that was always kept apart from the other tribes and never given a portion of land. However, they served in the Jerusalem temple and lived in the Kingdom of Judah.
But still, throughout their history, both Houses continued to be harlots and worshipped other nations’ gods. Because of that, both Houses would have to suffer the consequences of their idolatry. [read my posts on The Whore of Babylon and The Song of Moses]
The House of Israel
Becomes A Divorcee
The House of Israel was given a bill of divorce from Yahweh because of their harlotries. This resulted in them having to leave their tribal lands in Israel and to be taken into captivity throughout Assyria.
The majority never returned to Israel and over subsequent generations, they had blended into the Assyrian culture and the surrounding nations, becoming like the gentiles.
During the last days of the Mosaic Covenant i.e when the New Testament was written, the 10 northern tribes were still mostly scattered throughout the nations of the Roman Empire. The Northern Kingdom was no longer ‘a wife’ and they were cut off from the Mosaic covenant. It didn’t apply to them any longer, therefore, none of the blessings or curses under the Old Covenant applied to them.
The House of Judah
Judah Becomes A Widow
The House of Judah never received a certificate of divorce even though they were expelled from the land and sent into captivity in Babylon in the 6th century BC.
“For I will no longer have mercy on the house of Israel, But I will utterly take them away. Yet I will have mercy on the house of Judah” ~ Hos 1:6-7
Seventy years after being exiled the people returned to the land of Judah from their Babylonian captivity. However, most of them hadn’t repented from worshipping the gods of other nations. The prophet Jeremiah said that they were deceiving Yahweh, in other words, they had repented insincerely.
“And I saw that for all the adulteries of faithless Israel (~> Northern Kingdom), I had sent her away and given her a writ of divorce, yet her treacherous sister Judah did not fear; but she went and was a harlot also. Because of the lightness of her harlotry, she polluted the land and committed adultery with stones and trees. Yet in spite of all this her treacherous sister Judah did not return to Me with all her heart, but rather in deception,” declares the Lord.” ~ Jeremiah 3: 8-10
However, Yahweh could not divorce Judah, because it was through Judah that the Messiah would come, otherwise, He would have been illegitimate:
And Jacob called his sons, and said to them, Assemble yourselves, that I may tell you what shall happen to you in the last days…A ruler shall not fail from Juda, nor a prince from his loins, until there come the things stored up for him; and he is the expectation of nations. ~ Genesis 49:1-2, 10 LXX
Once Jesus was murdered, the House of Judah became a widow and was free to enter a new marriage covenant.
“Therefore he is the mediator of a new covenant, so that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance since a death has occurred that redeems them from the transgressions committed under the first covenant. For where a will is involved, the death of the one who made it must be established. For a will takes effect only at death, since it is not in force as long as the one who made it is alive.” ~ Hebrews 9: 15-17
Yahweh gave Judah the opportunity to choose life and become the bride of the resurrected Jesus by entering the New Covenant.
On the next post, we’ll have a look at the prophecy regarding Shiloh and the scepter departing from the Kingdom of Judah.
While you can read All Israel will be saved Part 2 here.