How Does Pentecost Tie In With Babel?

This series looks at how the Spirit of God empowered the Apostles and the early Church at Pentecost to start the process of gathering the nations of the biblical world back from satan and the spiritual beings that had control of them. 

For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world forces of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places. ~ Ephesians 6 

 

For He rescued us from the domain of darkness, and transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son ~ Colossians 1


 

The Ingathering Of The Nations Begins

I co-wrote this post with Tony from Passion For Truth blog as the first of a series: The Feast of Pentecost and the Tower of Babel. This sub-series is part of our much larger series of work: How God Governs from Heaven.

In this post, we will be looking at how that first Pentecost after Calvary ties in with Babel. 

Genesis 11 tells how mankind rebelled against Yahweh by refusing to disperse upon the face of the earth. Instead, they chose to stay together as a people group and built a tower that would reach up into the heavens in order to make a name for themselves. As a result of their actions, Yahweh punished the people.


Yahweh divided the people into 70 nations and disinherited them by giving them their inheritance before it reached its full potential. He placed them under the guardianship of the sons of God, spiritual beings who would rule over those nations.

When the Most High gave to the nations their inheritance, when he divided mankind, he fixed the borders of the peoples according to the number of the sons of God. Deut 32: 8 ESV

 

Yahweh confused their languages, hindering mankind’s communication which resulted in them breaking up into people groups and they scattered over the face of the earth. 

And the Lord said, Behold, [there is] one race, and one lip of all, and they have begun to do this, and now nothing shall fail from them of all that they may have undertaken to do. Come, and having gone down let us there confound their tongue, that they may not understand each the voice of his neighbour. And the Lord scattered them thence over the face of all the earth, and they left off building the city and the tower. On this account its name was called Confusion, because there the Lord confounded the languages of all the earth, and thence the Lord scattered them upon the face of all the earth. ~ Genesis 11:6-9 LXX

 


 The Reconciliation of The Nations

 

Now there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men from every nation under heaven. ~ Acts 2:5

 

  • So how does Pentecost tie in with Babel?

 

The punishment that came in the form of the confusion of language effectively separated the people into nations that made up the biblical world.

At Pentecost, we see a reversal of this confusion as the Holy Spirit gave the Apostles the supernatural gift of communicating with Jews from every nation of the Roman Empire. Certain feasts of the Lord required that male Jews celebrated the feasts in Jerusalem and many Jews from the diaspora had converged upon the city staying over those 50 days to observe Passover and Pentecost. The Holy Spirit gave the Apostles the ability to address these people in their native tongue. 

We find it interesting that the Holy Spirit when He came on the Apostles fell on them in the form of tongues ‘as if fire’.

When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place.  And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting.  And divided (Greek: diamerizo) [1] tongues as of fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them.  And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance.

Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded (Greek: suncheo) [2], because that every man heard them speak in his own language.

And they were amazed and astonished, saying, “Are not all these who are speaking Galileans? And how is it that we hear, each of us in his own native language?

Parthians and Medes and Elamites and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyrene, and visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabians—we hear them telling in our own tongues the mighty works of God.”~ Acts 2 1:10

 


table of nations

 

It’s All About Yeshua Inheriting The Nations

At Babel, the people tried to make a name for themselves and as a result, their language was confused. They were scattered across the face of the earth, disinherited by Yahweh and were then under the rulership of the sons of God/lesser Elohim.

But things changed from Pentecost onwards. The Son of Man began to fulfill the long-awaited prophecy of taking that delegated authority back from those national deities and making from all those nations ONE people and ONE nation. 

29“Brethren, I may confidently say to you regarding the patriarch David that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. 30“And so, because he was a prophet and knew that GOD HAD SWORN TO HIM WITH AN OATH TO SEAT one OF HIS DESCENDANTS ON HIS THRONE, 31he looked ahead and spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that HE WAS NEITHER ABANDONED TO HADES, NOR DID His flesh SUFFER DECAY. 32“This Jesus God raised up again, to which we are all witnesses. 33“Therefore having been exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He has poured forth this which you both see and hear.

34“For it was not David who ascended into heaven, but he himself says:
‘THE LORD SAID TO MY LORD,
“SIT AT MY RIGHT HAND,

35UNTIL I MAKE YOUR ENEMIES A FOOTSTOOL FOR YOUR FEET.”’
36“Therefore let all the house of Israel know for certain that God has made Him both Lord and Christ—this Jesus whom you crucified.” ~ Acts 2 NASB

 

Three thousand Jews responded to Peter’s message that day believing that Yeshua was the fulfillment of the promise to David that one of his descendants would rule on his throne forever.

37 Now when they heard this, they were pierced to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Brethren, what shall we do?” 38 Peter said to them, “Repent, and each of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39 For the promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off, as many as the Lord our God will call to Himself.” ~ Acts 2 NASB

 

Now Yeshua’s name would be glorified in every language ‘under heaven’, i.e every language that was spoken by the nations that made up the biblical world. These 3,000 Jews attending the Spring feasts would go back home to their own nations and tell others about the good news they had heard in their very own tongue.

 

“All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,  and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.” ~ Matt 28: 16-20

 

 


Footnotes:

[1] When Luke was writing Acts he was thinking back to the Tower of Babel incident and used the same Greek words that were used in the Septuagint. The “tongues as if fire” were described as being divided which is the same Greek word diamerizo that was used in the Deuteronomy Septuagint passage.

When the Most High divided (Greek: diamerizo) the nations, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the nations according to the number of the angels of God. ~ Deuteronomy 32:8 LXX

 

[2] The Jews from across the biblical world attending the Pentecost festival in Jerusalem were confounded when they heard the disciples speak in their very own native tongues.  Luke used the same Greek word suncheo which is also used in the Genesis Septuagint passage.

And the Lord said, Behold, [there is] one race, and one lip of all, and they have begun to do this, and now nothing shall fail from them of all that they may have undertaken to do. Come, and having gone down let us there confound (Greek: suncheo) their tongue, that they may not understand each the voice of his neighbour. And the Lord scattered them thence over the face of all the earth, and they left off building the city and the tower. On this account its name was called Confusion, because there the Lord confounded (Greek: suncheo) the languages of all the earth, and thence the Lord scattered them upon the face of all the earth. ~ Genesis 11: 1-9 LXX

 

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